PET Food Processing - September 2019 - 41

FORMULATION

THE PULSE
ON PULSES
Sustainable ingredients that pack a punch for pet nutrition.
By Donna Berry | petfoodprocessing@sosland.com

C

Chickpeas, lentils, dried beans and peas - these ingredients are collectively known as pulses. They are invading the human food and beverage space, so it should be
no surprise that their presence in pet food is growing.
Many of today's pet owners are applying human food
philosophies to the products they select for their furry
companions. This includes the consumption of more
plant-based foods such as pulses.
"Pet food trends closely follow human food trends,
so with the increased focus on sustainable eating, gluten-free diets and plant-based protein, pulses have become a popular ingredient for pet food," says Jennifer
Adolphe, nutrition manager, Petcurean, Chilliwack,
British Columbia, Canada. "There are a variety of pulses
that can be used in pet foods. As a nutrient-dense food
source that is locally grown in Canada and the US, dried
yellow and green field peas in particular are appealing
to health- and environmentally-conscious consumers."

A mixed bag

The use of pulses in pet food is driven by their multifunctionality, accessibility and cost efficiency, according
to Christopher Marinangeli, director of research, scientific and regulatory affairs, Pulse Canada, Winnipeg,
Manitoba, Canada. Dried peas are the most utilized
pulse in pet food, followed by chickpeas, lentils and all
other pet food-approved dried beans.

Peas are low cost and widely available, he says.
Chickpeas can carry a higher cost and have a higher oil
content compared to peas. Lentils can also cost more than
peas. But in general, all pulses are rich in protein and fiber.
At one point in time, pulses were considered fillers.
They were economic replacements for meat and poultry,
as they maintained a desirable nutrition profile while
reducing costs associated with animal protein. Today,
pulses are recognized as sustainable crops that provide a
desirable balance of macro- and micro-nutrients.
Pet food formulators need to be aware that not all
pulses are created equal. Some contribute compounds
that may or may not agree with dogs and cats at different life stages. Other considerations include issues with
limiting amino acids and anti-nutrients. And, with the
recent rise in grain-free diets, the potential connection
to canine heart disease.
While most dogs are able to exist on properly balanced meatless diets, cats are obligate carnivores. They
require meat products in their diet due to their taurine
requirement and inability to convert carotene to retinol.
This means a vegetarian diet does not supply enough
vitamin A to cats. Pulses may be part of their diet, but
not their sole source of amino acids. That makes pulses
much more common in dog foods than cat foods.
"Cats also have a simpler, shorter digestive tract with
limited fermentative capacity for plant-based ingredients,"

Pulses have been
around in the pet
food industry for a
long time as fillers but
have been recently
rediscovered as a
viable and sustainable
source of nutrients
and protein.
©Arundhati - stock.adobe.com

www.petfoodprocessing.net | September 2019 | PET FOOD PROCESSING

41


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PET Food Processing - September 2019

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of PET Food Processing - September 2019

PET Food Processing - September 2019
CONTENTS
OFF THE LEASH - JOINT EFFORT
TRENDS - COMPLIANCE retooling
PLANT PROFILE - FREEZING IN TEXAS
FOOD SAFETY - Navigating FSMA inspections
REGULATORY - it's time
FEATURE EVENT - COLD KIBBLE
INGREDIENTS - BOOSTING the appeal
FORMULATION - THE PULSE ON PULSES
UNDERSTANDING DILATED CARDIOMYOPATHY
EQUIPMENT - CUTTING them down to size
EQUIPMENT - NO STRINGS ATTACHED
OPERATIONS - improved EFFICIENCIES
PACKAGING - ADEPT AT ADAPTING
BEST IN SHOW
PATENTS TO PONDER
EVENTS
SIT, STAY, READ
AD INDEX
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - PET Food Processing - September 2019
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - PET Food Processing - September 2019
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - 2
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - 3
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - 4
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - CONTENTS
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - OFF THE LEASH - JOINT EFFORT
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - 7
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - 8
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - TRENDS - COMPLIANCE retooling
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - 10
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - 11
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - 12
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - 13
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - PLANT PROFILE - FREEZING IN TEXAS
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - 15
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - 16
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - 17
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - 18
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - 19
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - 20
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - 21
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - 22
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - FOOD SAFETY - Navigating FSMA inspections
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - 24
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - 25
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - 26
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - 27
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - 28
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - REGULATORY - it's time
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - 30
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - 31
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - FEATURE EVENT - COLD KIBBLE
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - 33
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - INGREDIENTS - BOOSTING the appeal
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - 35
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - 36
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - 37
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - 38
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - 39
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - 40
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - FORMULATION - THE PULSE ON PULSES
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - 42
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - 43
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - UNDERSTANDING DILATED CARDIOMYOPATHY
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - 45
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - 46
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - EQUIPMENT - CUTTING them down to size
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - 48
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - 49
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - 50
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - 51
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - 52
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - EQUIPMENT - NO STRINGS ATTACHED
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - 54
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - 55
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - 56
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - OPERATIONS - improved EFFICIENCIES
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - 58
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - 59
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - 60
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - PACKAGING - ADEPT AT ADAPTING
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - 62
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - 63
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - 64
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - 65
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - 66
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - 67
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - BEST IN SHOW
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - 69
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - 70
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - PATENTS TO PONDER
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - EVENTS
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - SIT, STAY, READ
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - AD INDEX
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - 75
PET Food Processing - September 2019 - 76
http://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/2020_10_01
http://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/2020_09_01
http://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/2020_06_01
http://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/2020_03_01
http://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/2019_12_01
http://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/2019_10_01
http://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/2019_09_01
http://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/2019_06_01
http://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/2019_03_01
http://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/2018_12_01
http://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/2018_09_01
http://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/2018_06_01
http://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/2018_03_01
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