Pet Food Processing - July 2024 - 11

One-sided research lacking a diverse range of expert opinions
and detailed review creates more questions than it answers. "
Dan Su, DVM, BSM Partners
March 7, 2024, edition of JAVMA. From the time it was
published to the end of May, the journal had received
at least seven letters from various veterinary scientists
around the United States pointing out glaring flaws in
the study's design and review. Ultimately, this dialogue
resulted in the first-ever retraction in JAVMA's 180year
history.
Concerns raised in these letters centered around erroneous
copper quantification methods, a lack of diet history
information, the inclusion of misinformation, and
the extrapolation of data from sick animals onto healthy
ones. These flaws ultimately led researchers to unreliable
conclusions that would significantly misdirect future research
into the topic.
A wake-up call
How can the industry learn from this critical oversight?
Firstly, clinical nutrition research projects like this demand
a greater level of collaboration, bringing scientists
from multiple backgrounds and schools of thought together
to better understand the root causes of the issue
and develop insights rooted in that multidisciplinary
evidence. One-sided research lacking a diverse range of
expert opinions and detailed review creates more questions
than it answers.
Additionally, it's important to consider disparate
nutrition beliefs - among both veterinarians and researchers
- as part of this conversation. Contrarian
viewpoints will always exist in nutrition, and researchers
first and foremost seek validation of their own personal
conclusions through research. Allowing personal biases
to influence the integrity and implementation of research
is irresponsible for pet health, and making space
for such misinformation goes against the industry's mission
to advance the science behind pet nutrition.
The fallout from JAVMA's retraction underscores the
imperative need for robust, transparent research practices
based on rigorous methodology in addressing
complex nutritional issues that affect our pets. Further,
it prompts a reevaluation of research veracity and collaboration
in the pet food industry, and emphasizes an
urgent need for reliable, interdisciplinary studies to inform
responsible dietary choices for dogs.
The bottom line
Nutrition, however vital to pets' health and wellbeing,
is already a confusing and sometimes convoluted realm
for pet owners to navigate. Allowing unsubstantiated research
to influence pet owners' decisions and veterinarians'
dietary recommendations stands in the way of the
very thing to which our industry has committed: protecting
the health, safety and wellbeing of pets.
We maintain that a more concerted, industry-wide
approach to clinical nutrition research should be taken
to provide greater integrity, transparency and consensus
for pets and their owners. Asserting broad generalizations
and assumptions based on incomplete evidence
sets a dangerous precedent for future research, and this
recent JAVMA retraction is a welcome intervention to
ensure the nutritional guidelines for pet nutrition are
based in scientific evidence, and not speculation.
Dan Su MS, DVM, DACVIM-Nutrition, is a BoardCertified
Veterinary Nutritionist® and director of
nutrition at BSM Partners.
To the Editor
On behalf of my coauthors, I write to formally
request a retraction to accurately respond to concerns
expressed in the received Letters to the Editor
regarding, " Sixteen years of canine hepatic copper
concentrations within normal reference ranges in
dogs fed a broad range of commercial diets, " published
online on March 7, 2024. Unfortunately,
with further investigation, new data were discovered
that materially change the results of the article
as it reads today. The latest information revealed
a change in reported liver copper concentration
results imported from a portion of the 2006 to
2014-era sample. As a result of these findings, it is
necessary to make corrections to uphold the integrity
of scientific research and maintain the trust of
our readers and the veterinary community. All coauthors
agree with the retraction, with the full intention
to resubmit and share the full results of this
meaningful study in a timely manner. We regret
that these new findings were unavailable to the
authors earlier and apologize to the readers and
editors for any confusion. We look forward to the
opportunity to share corrected data in the future.
(This retraction was published on the Journal of
the American Veterinary Medical Association
website on May 21, 2024)
PFP
www.petfoodprocessing.net | July 2024 | PET FOOD PROCESSING 11
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Pet Food Processing - July 2024

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Pet Food Processing - July 2024

Pet Food Processing - July 2024 - Intro
Pet Food Processing - July 2024 - 1
Pet Food Processing - July 2024 - 2
Pet Food Processing - July 2024 - 3
Pet Food Processing - July 2024 - 4
Pet Food Processing - July 2024 - 5
Pet Food Processing - July 2024 - 6
Pet Food Processing - July 2024 - 7
Pet Food Processing - July 2024 - 8
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Pet Food Processing - July 2024 - 11
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https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/pet-food-processing-may-2024
https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/pet-food-processing-march-2024
https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/pet-food-processing-january-2024
https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/pet-food-processing-november-2023
https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/pet-food-processing-september-2023
https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/pet-food-processing-july-2023
https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/pet-food-processing-may-2023
https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/pet-food-processing-march-2023
https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/pet-food-processing-december-2022
https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/pet-food-processing-october-2022
https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/pet-food-processing-september-2022
https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/-pet-food-processing-june-2022
https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/pet-food-processing-march-2022
https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/pet-food-processing-december-2021
https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/pet-food-processing-october-2021
https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/pet-food-processing-september-2021
https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/pet-food-processing-june-2021
https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/pet-food-processing-march-2021
https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/2020_12_01
https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/2020_10_01
https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/2020_09_01
https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/2020_06_01
https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/2020_03_01
https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/2019_12_01
https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/2019_10_01
https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/2019_09_01
https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/2019_06_01
https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/2019_03_01
https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/2018_12_01
https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/2018_09_01
https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/2018_06_01
https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/2018_03_01
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