PET Food Processing - June 2021 - 30

REGULATORY
REGARDLESS OF APPROVAL
by Jennifer Semple
membership before adoption. While it is possible for
new ingredients to move through the AAFCO review
process in about a year, it normally takes longer.
Pet foods and treats containing hemp-derived ingredients
are on the rise, despite the fact that these ingredients are
currently lacking regulatory approval.
Looking at trends in pet specialty sales for all products with
hemp-CBD claims including pet food, pet treats, supplements,
grooming products, and other related goods, NielsenIQ reported
total sales for CBD pet care products in 2020 grew
50.5% to $11.7 million, with an average price per lb of $37.73.
The current federal regulatory status of these ingredients
last updated by the Association of American Feed Control
Officials (AAFCO) in April 2019 states that the US Food and
Drug Administration (FDA) has regulatory authority over food
products; and hemp and hemp products may not be used
in animal feed or pet food in the United States. It also states
that the 2018 Farm Bill did not grant the right to use hemp
and hemp products in food for humans or animals. Luckily
for brands selling these products, many states have passed
or are considering legislation to support the use of hemp in
commercial animal food.
The proliferation of pet food and treats containing hemp
ingredients has exposed the great divide between federal
and state oversight of animal food ingredients as well as the
extremely slow regulatory approval process for new animal
food ingredients. There are, however, a few small signs of
progress.
" Recently, the Hemp Feed Coalition applied to AAFCO
and the FDA CVM [Center for Veterinary Medicine] for the
consideration of hemp seed meal and cake to be fed to laying
hens, " said Louise Calderwood, director of regulatory affairs,
American Feed Industry Association. " This first step was
several years in the making, requiring the coalition to gather
the necessary data for its submission package to prove the
ingredient is safe for use. "
Also, at the end of 2019, Congress passed a budget that
provided the FDA with funding to support efficiencies for
animal food ingredient reviews. The $5 million allocation
from appropriators will allow the FDA's CVM to nearly double
ingredient review staff. David Edwards, Ph.D., director of
the division of animal feeds, FDA CVM, said the agency
anticipates a direct impact on ingredient approval from this
added staff.
" This gives us the opportunity to work on pre-market
submissions where we review things such as food additives
or generally recognized as safe substances. It gives us the
opportunity not only to make those reviews more consistent,
which will help out industry, but also once we get those people
trained it will give us an opportunity to shorten our review time. "
As the regulatory entities in the industry ever so slowly
address hemp-derived ingredients for use in animal feed and
pet food, brands and manufacturers aren't waiting for " official
decisions " as consumers embrace products and return a price
per pound that makes investors' tails wag.
Notable progress
A recent example of a new definition is the AAFCO recognition
of oat fiber in 2019. Some grains, such as barley
and oats, contain a special type of soluble fiber called
beta-glucan, which has been shown in numerous human
studies to fight heart disease and diabetes. Beta-glucan
" So much has been
learned about the
impact that food has
on animal wellness. It is
time for US regulatory
policy to allow the
use of this scientific
knowledge to improve
the lives of our pets. "
Louise Calderwood, American Feed
Industry Association
may also be beneficial for pets to control blood glucose
and prevent obesity. Adding oat fiber to pet diets is one
way that pet food manufacturers could address the rising
incidence of pet obesity.
In part due to improved nutrition, dogs are living to
older ages and spending longer periods in the senior
stages of their lives. These older dogs have different nutritional
requirements than younger animals and age-related
dietary formulations can help reduce health issues,
such as a decline in cognitive function. AAFCO recently
approved marine micro-algae, an ingredient rich in
omega-3 fatty acids, which has been shown to help support
the health of aging dogs. The new ingredient offers
a sustainable and cost-effective alternative to fish oil and
may support brain function in older dogs in addition to
providing other nutrients important for maintaining the
health of senior pets.
In Europe, several companies have launched insectbased
pet diets formulated with black soldier fly larvae
(BSFL) and crickets. Some claim these ingredients rival
the amount of protein in livestock sources and contain a
wealth of beneficial nutrients. BSFL are especially high
in calcium and crickets are a good source of taurine
and amino acids. The AAFCO Ingredient Definitions
30 PET FOOD PROCESSING | June 2021 | www.petfoodprocessing.net
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PET Food Processing - June 2021

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of PET Food Processing - June 2021

PET Food Processing - June 2021 - Intro
PET Food Processing - June 2021 - 1
PET Food Processing - June 2021 - 2
PET Food Processing - June 2021 - 3
PET Food Processing - June 2021 - 4
PET Food Processing - June 2021 - 5
PET Food Processing - June 2021 - 6
PET Food Processing - June 2021 - 7
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https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/pet-food-processing-march-2022
https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/pet-food-processing-december-2021
https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/pet-food-processing-october-2021
https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/pet-food-processing-september-2021
https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/pet-food-processing-june-2021
https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/pet-food-processing-march-2021
https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/2020_12_01
https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/2020_10_01
https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/2020_09_01
https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/2020_06_01
https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/2020_03_01
https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/2019_12_01
https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/2019_10_01
https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/2019_09_01
https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/2019_06_01
https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/2019_03_01
https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/2018_12_01
https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/2018_09_01
https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/2018_06_01
https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/2018_03_01
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