PET Food Processing - October 2022 - 42

ANIMAL DISEASES
Biosecurity measures
already in place for
commercial poultry
producers, paired
with additional policies
and procedures,
can help reduce the
spread of HPAI.
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tremors, circling or complete stiffness.
" As soon as one of those birds starts to demonstrate even
a few of those symptoms, you need to make sure that you're
pulling those birds apart and keeping them separated so
that you don't get a rapid dissemination through the entire
flock, " Johnson said.
The H5N1 virus is highly susceptible to heat, which explains
why cases tend to diminish in the summer months.
It also means that infected birds can be harvested and
slaughtered for use in pet food and the virus cooked out of
the meat, but not if the bird succumbs to the virus before it
is slaughtered, due to strict regulatory standards.
If a flock is infected, it can be exterminated and recouped
between 30 days to eight weeks, meaning the lack of supply
would be shorter-lived compared to a herd of sheep or
cattle, but would still have a significant impact - approximately
a two-month gap, according to Johnson - on the
supply chain.
In late May, APHIS announced Agriculture Secretary
Tom Vilsack had approved a $400 million transfer of
funds to support HPAI response efforts across the United
States. Funds were transferred from the Commodity Credit
Corporation to APHIS to conduct research and provide
emergency support to poultry producers affected by the
virus.
The funding is critical not only for the poultry industry
at large, but especially for smaller flock owners and businesses
with fewer resources, Johnson noted.
" Helping them understand and use the same types of
biosecurity measures [as larger corporations] to prevent it
affecting their full flock is very vital to them, and very vital
to us as well, " she said.
For better or for worse, this is not the first time the
United States has faced the threat of HPAI, and federal
agencies and industry stakeholders alike are equipped with
more knowledge than ever to stave off severe impacts.
" The biggest thing is that we all be prepared, " Johnson
said. " The instant we get any kind of indication from
Europe that the actual cases are worse than usual, we all
need to go on the defensive to make sure that we keep everything
as contained as possible. "
42 PET FOOD PROCESSING | October 2022 | www.petfoodprocessing.net
African swine fever (ASF)
According to the Iowa Department of Agriculture and
Land Stewardship, ASF first cropped up in Kenya in 1921
and has since spread across sub-Saharan Africa and some
areas of West Africa, as well as Eastern Europe, Belgium,
China and Vietnam. The animal disease has yet to enter the
United States, Canada, Australia or New Zealand, but cases
of ASF in Haiti and, most recently, the Dominican Republic
have put the United States on high alert.
Pork production and pork prices have been impacted by
ASF, notably in Thailand, Vietnam and the Philippines, according
to Rabobank's Global Pork Quarterly Q3 2022 report.
The USDA estimates Thailand's pork supply to drop
by 35% in 2022, while prices for pork have increased by
60% since September 2021.
According to Chenjun Pan, senior analyst of Animal
Protein at Rabobank, the issue of ASF in the Dominican
Republic and Haiti remains, but is well contained.
ASF can be spread from animal to animal through body
fluids, ticks that feed on infected animals, and cross-contamination
with humans that care for, transport or otherwise
interact with swine. Because the virus is highly contagious,
with a 100% mortality rate and no vaccine currently
available, quick detection and depopulation of infected pigs
is central to the United States' response.
David Meeker, Ph.D., senior vice president of the North
American Renderers Association (NARA) and director
of research at the Fats and Proteins Research Foundation,
holds an optimistic view of the situation, putting faith in
the USDA and industry stakeholders to prevent ASF from
entering the United States.
" The United States has a really good system, " Meeker
said. " The USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection
Service is staffed with good veterinarians and really hardworking
people that are doing their best to keep [ASF] out,
including working with border control to make sure there
are not smuggled products that could be infected.
" ...I don't think it's inevitable that we get the disease in
the United States, " he added. " I think there's a reasonable
chance that we can keep it from infecting and US pigs and,
if it does somehow get into a US herd, I think there's a fair
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PET Food Processing - October 2022

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of PET Food Processing - October 2022

PET Food Processing - October 2022 - Intro
PET Food Processing - October 2022 - 1
PET Food Processing - October 2022 - 2
PET Food Processing - October 2022 - 3
PET Food Processing - October 2022 - 4
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