PET Food Processing - October 2022 - 44

ANIMAL DISEASES
authorities and health officials, as well as federal regulatory
officers. Meeker shared a 72-hour stop movement would
ensue, meaning all live pigs would be contained until experts
can determine how big the containment area needs to
be and establish immediate and contingent plans of action.
" It would be a combination of testing and control and
regulatory authorities, " he added. " Renderers and pork producers
will need to cooperate and do their best to shorten
the time as much as possible. "
Like with HPAI, ASF can be spread among domestic
and wild pigs, as well as through people working closely
with pigs. The highly contagious virus is not infectious to
humans, but people can transmit the virus through their
clothing, farm equipment and uncooked pork products, acBecause
ASF can
spread through
handlers' clothing,
farm equipment and
uncooked pork products,
additional sanitary
precautions are critical
to keeping the virus out
of the United States and
preventing the spread if
it enters the country.
©agnormarkt - stock.adobe.com
chance, again, that our surveillance systems will pick it up
fairly early. Vigilance is high. Producers and veterinarians
across the country are all watching for it. "
According to Meeker, the pet food manufacturing industry
is a notable outlet for pork protein and pork byproducts,
and any impact to this supply would be significant to
the pet food industry. If the virus entered the United States,
first there would be a glut of pork protein availability, followed
by a shortage.
" The first thing to establish is that the virus is of no
danger to humans or pets, " he noted. " The second thing
to establish is that any heat process, including rendering
or extrusion, would also kill the virus, so you wouldn't be
spreading it by moving pet food around. "
If ASF entered the United States on a widespread level,
pork producers and adjacent industry stakeholders would
face a " years-long battle, " Meeker said, and the pet food industry
would likely see a severe impact. Consumers would
likely turn away from pork-inclusive pet food products in
the case of a domestic outbreak.
The United States is one of the world's premier pork
producers and the second-largest exporter of pork globally.
In 2021, the country exported $8.11 billion in pork
(roughly 3 metric tons), primarily to China, Japan, Mexico
and Canada, according to the USDA's Foreign Agricultural
Service (FAS). If the virus were to enter the United States,
the USDA estimates mitigation would cost approximately
$50 billion over the next 10 years.
Meeker shared " even a rumor of a case " in the United
States would shut down pork exports to some countries
and, when the situation was contained, pork producers
would have to jump through several hoops to reclaim export
status. This process could take months, he added.
" It's just a major market disruption in any angle you look
from, " Meeker said.
Upon first detection, the USDA and industry alike
would need to move swiftly to contain - and stop - the
spread of ASF to other herds. This includes state veterinary
44 PET FOOD PROCESSING | October 2022 | www.petfoodprocessing.net
cording to the USDA.
" Vehicles and drivers of vehicles are a major vector that
can spread it, " Meeker shared.
Meeker shared NARA is currently putting together
guidelines for its renderer members to follow in situations
where transportation must go through a control zone or
near a plant, as well as contingency plans for local risk and
additional sanitation, banning plant visitations and keeping
strict separation between raw zones and cook zones.
According to the Iowa Department of Agriculture and
Land Stewardship, symptoms of ASF in pigs include high
fever, coughing, difficulty breathing, diarrhea, discharge
around the eyes, pregnancy complications or weak litters,
reddening or darkening of the skin on the face, vomiting,
and overall weakness.
In April, a vaccine candidate for ASF passed " an important
safety test required for regulatory approval, " inching
closer to commercial availability, according to the USDA's
Agricultural Research Service (ARS).
In June, the USDA's APHIS announced the launch of its
Protect Our Pigs campaign, aiming to provide commercial
pork producers, veterinarians and pig owners with resources
that help safeguard against ASF. The program aims
to support the United States' first line of defense against
ASF, including more than 60,000 pork producers, over
1,500 swine veterinarians, and pig owners of the estimated
250,000 to 1 million domestic pigs.
The USDA estimates 76 million pigs are at risk if ASF enters
the country, which would also impact the half-million
jobs supported by the pork industry.
With the threat of ASF looming over the United States,
Meeker remains confident in the country's contingency
planning and preparation to prevent the virus from entering
the United States and, if worse comes to worse, minimizing
the impact swiftly to keep the pork industry up and
running.
" I'm fairly optimistic that we're not going to get it in this
country, and if we do get it, I'm fairly optimistic that it can
be controlled quickly, " Meeker concluded.
PFP
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PET Food Processing - October 2022

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of PET Food Processing - October 2022

PET Food Processing - October 2022 - Intro
PET Food Processing - October 2022 - 1
PET Food Processing - October 2022 - 2
PET Food Processing - October 2022 - 3
PET Food Processing - October 2022 - 4
PET Food Processing - October 2022 - 5
PET Food Processing - October 2022 - 6
PET Food Processing - October 2022 - 7
PET Food Processing - October 2022 - 8
PET Food Processing - October 2022 - 9
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PET Food Processing - October 2022 - 11
PET Food Processing - October 2022 - 12
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PET Food Processing - October 2022 - 20
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https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/pet-food-processing-december-2022
https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/pet-food-processing-october-2022
https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/pet-food-processing-september-2022
https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/-pet-food-processing-june-2022
https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/pet-food-processing-march-2022
https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/pet-food-processing-december-2021
https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/pet-food-processing-october-2021
https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/pet-food-processing-september-2021
https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/pet-food-processing-june-2021
https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/pet-food-processing-march-2021
https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/2020_12_01
https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/2020_10_01
https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/2020_09_01
https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/2020_06_01
https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/2020_03_01
https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/2019_12_01
https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/2019_10_01
https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/2019_09_01
https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/2019_06_01
https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/2019_03_01
https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/2018_12_01
https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/2018_09_01
https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/2018_06_01
https://digital.petfoodprocessing.net/sosland/pfp/2018_03_01
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