PET Food Processing - September 2022 - 36

FORMULATION
Plant-based binders
Humans who follow a plantbased
diet look for similar
plant alternatives for their pets.
Ingredion manufactures starches from raw materials
such as tapioca, potato, pea and rice. This includes
flours from raw tapioca, rice, pea, lentil and chickpea;
Egg makes an
excellent binding
ingredient, however,
it is not ideal for
every application due
to cost and overall
functionality.
©andriigorulko - stock.adobe.com
protein from pea and lentil raw materials; and gum and
gum systems.
Plant-based proteins such as soy and pulses (peas,
lentils, chickpeas and beans) can provide texture for wet
food applications. These on-trend plant ingredients include
pre-gelling forms for pulses and starches, and precooked
beans offer added functionality and nutrition in
product development, Adolphe said.
Ingredion also manufactures pea protein concentrates
and isolates for protein enhancement and binding. Pea
protein's use in a dry food/kibble provides protein enrichment
and a binding agent for consistent, uniform shape
and structure. When used in a canned meat loaf, pea protein
provides firmness, fat binding and boosts protein.
ADM has worked
with the University
of Illinois to analyze
potential pet food
ingredients including
ancient grains.
ADM Pet Solutions
Allergens and allergies
Although some historical trends have driven the industry
to reduce formulation with corn, soy and wheat,
research conducted on ADM's proprietary consumer
insights platform, Outside Voice, indicates 80% of pet
owners intentionally seek or are at least open to products
based on soy, corn and wheat.
" Consumer preference and acceptance for these ingredients
expands the options from which formulators
can choose to create pet food and treats with the texture
pets desire and the nutrition pet parents demand, "
Adolphe said.
As products relate to food allergies in dogs and cats,
incidents are unknown. Veterinary research shows cases
are infrequent, according to the Pet Food Institute. Any
binder used must be evaluated for the potential of adverse
reaction because of hypersensitivity or food intolerance
before incorporation into pet food or treats.
Emerging binders
Moving forward, Harris predicts ongoing movement toward
sustainable and cleaner label pet food, along with
changes in regulations, which will create opportunity to
bring new binding solutions to the market.
" As the technology gets
better and better, these
novel products may
become more available
and functional than other
applications. "
Patrick Luchsinger, Ingredion
Ingredion recently launched a new clean-label binder
with modified starch functionality based on waxy cassava.
In wet pet food, HOMECRAFT CREATE 365 multifunctional
tapioca flour delivers viscosity, low-temperature
stability and enhanced appearance in canned gravy
applications. The waxy cassava product is comparable to
a traditional PO waxy corn starch, Luchsinger said.
Through its partnership with the University of Illinois,
ADM has analyzed various ancient grains. Increasingly
popular, ancient grain varieties offer unique water-holding
capacity, starch gelatinization, dough formation, viscosity
and final product traits.
Best practices
Improving best practices and final product traits is dependent
on the application and binders used. Harris recommended
ensuring the binder is compatible with the current
pet food manufacturing system. Depending on the type of
pet food being produced, it's important to determine what
nutritional benefit the binder will add or take away from
the formula. Another important consideration is to ensure
there's little to no variability in the material and that the
process is generating consistent binding functionality.
Luchsinger advised that when a starch is used as a
binder, it will function as a binder only when it has gelatinized;
ungelatinized starch has no binding power. For
36 PET FOOD PROCESSING | September 2022 | www.petfoodprocessing.net
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PET Food Processing - September 2022

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of PET Food Processing - September 2022

PET Food Processing - September 2022 - Intro
PET Food Processing - September 2022 - FALSE COVERa
PET Food Processing - September 2022 - FALSE COVERb
PET Food Processing - September 2022 - 1
PET Food Processing - September 2022 - 2
PET Food Processing - September 2022 - 3
PET Food Processing - September 2022 - 4
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